(1937- ) President of Algeria from April 1999, foreign minister 1963-79, and minister of youth, sport and tourism 1962-63.
Bouteflika was an important part of the image of the optimistic and dynamic Algeria that rose after the 8 year long fight against France. However, he was a stranger to many of the other members of the leadership of FLN and Algeria, having a far more upper-class, Western-oriented style and background. Bouteflika had, and probably still has, support from the administrative elite and the higher classes in the cities.
This served him well in meeting with Western leaders during his time as foreign minister, and helped cover a politics that often was different from the interests of the Western countries. But on home ground, Bouteflika's position was weakened during the presidency of Boumedienne.
Bouteflika is considered to be moderate in his politics, with a political orientation that lies in the middle between socialism and capitalism.
1937 March 2: Born.
1956: Bouteflika finishes his secondary education, and joins the ALN (Armï¿½e de libï¿½ration nationale), which is part of FLN.
1957: Starts acting as officer, and is particularly working in Oujda, but does not participate in fights.
1960: Is stationed in the southern regions of Algeria.
1961: Participates in a secret Algerian delegation to Aulnoy, France, in order to negotiate with the French authorities.
1962: With the arrival of independent Algeria, Bouteflika is appointed minister of youth, sport and tourism.
1963: Bouteflika is appointed foreign minister, at the age of 26.
ï¿½ Bouteflika also becomes member of the legislative assembly.
1964: He is elected for the congress of the FLN.
1979: After serving as foreign minister under two different presidents, Ahmed Ben Bella and Houari Boumedienne, Bouteflika finally has to resign from his post.
1981: Bouteflika goes into exile, after being charged with corruption. The case was later dropped.
1987 January: Bouteflika returns to Algeria.
1988 October: Bouteflika signs a protest against the ruthless acts from the government troops on youthful protesters.
1989: He participates in the FLN congress, and is elected for the central committee.
1998 December: Declares that he will run for president with the next elections.
1999 April 15: Elected president with 73,79% of the votes, after all the other candidates were disqualified or forced to resign. The elections were met with international criticism and internal protest in the days following.
ï¿½ August 1: Bouteflika declares that he will put an agreement between the government and FIS out for a referendum on September 16.