This person is associated with: Rococo
French Rococo painter. He was born on 3 March 1700. Son of an architect from Nîmes, he trained under Louis Galloche and François Lemoyne.
He was one of the youngest recipients of the Prix de Rome, winning the prize in 1721 for his Manoah Making a Sacrifice to God to have a Son.
At his return, he became one of the most prominent painters of the country, challenging his friend Boucher, who had a very similar style. Natoire however specialised in creating decorative ensembles for prestigious patrons, including the famous Story of Psyche for the Hôtel of the Duke of Rohan in Paris; another series based on Cupid and Psyche for the tax farmer-general Lalive de Bellegarde; a History of the Gods, a Story of Clovis and a Story of Telemachus for the Controller-General of Finances Philibert Orry; the Four Elements and a Story of Don Quixotte for Pierre Grimod Dufort (owner of the Castle of Orsay); and finally the Story of Mark Antony (which he never finished). The later two were designed for tapestries by the manufacturers of Beauvais and the Gobelins.
He was appointed academician on 31 December 1734; his reception piece was Venus Asking Arms for Aeneas. Then he had an important career, being promoted Adjunct Professor on 2 July 1735, Professor on 2 July 1737, and finally Director of the French Academy in Rome from 1751 to 1775. Although prestigious, his last position prevented him from being as successful as his rivals Boucher and Van Loo, who stayed in Paris, close to their patrons. He subsequently gave up painting after his final departure to Rome and instead drew many landscapes of the Roman countryside. He died in Rome on 23 August 1777.
He trained Jean-Baptiste Perronneau, François-Hubert Drouais and Joseph Marie Vien.
- Susanna Caviglia-Brunel: Charles-Joseph Natoire (1700-1777), Paris, Arthena, 2012.
- Ferdinand Boyer, Catalogue raisonné de l’œuvre de Charles Natoire, peintre du roi, 1700-1777, Paris, Armand colin, 1949.