Romanticism
(An artistic movement)

Dates: 1800-1850

This movement contains other movements: Nazarene

Western nationalist, melancholic and passionate movement which aimed to break classical rules. In America, England and Germany, artists focused on the struggle between nature and civilisation, whereas in France they mostly depicted useless heroism - outstanding people vanquished by supernatural forces.
People associated with this movement
Antoine-Felix BoisselierFrench, 1790-18574 artworks
Richard Parkes BoningtonEnglish, 1801-182887 artworks
Karl Pavlovich BrulloffRussian, 1799-1852122 artworks
Léopold BurtheFrench, 1823-18602 artworks
Carl Gustav CarusGerman, 1789-18695 artworks
Théodore ChassériauFrench, 1819-185660 artworks
Léon CognietFrench, 1794-18805 artworks
Thomas ColeEnglish, 1801-1848132 artworks
John ConstableEnglish, 1776-1837221 artworks
Peter von CorneliusGerman, 1783-18677 artworks
Johan Christian (J.C.C.) DahlNorwegian, 1788-185796 artworks
Eugène DelacroixFrench, 1798-1863182 artworks
William DyceScottish, 1806-186464 artworks
Marie EllenriederGerman, 1791-186316 artworks
Alexandre-Evariste FragonardFrench, 1780-185013 artworks
Caspar David FriedrichGerman, 1774-184071 artworks
Joseph von FührichCzech, 1800-18764 artworks
Thèodore GèricaultFrench, 1791-182487 artworks
Francisco Jose de Goya y LucientesSpanish, 1746-1828206 artworks
Francesco Paolo HayezItalian, 1791-188179 artworks
Theodor von Holst1810-18442 artworks
Franz IttenbachGerman, 1813-18799 artworks
Louis JanmotFrench, 1814-189224 artworks
Orest KiprenskyRussian, 1778-18362 artworks
Christen KøbkeDanish, 1810-184833 artworks
Joseph KochAustrian, 1768-18397 artworks
Sir Thomas Lawrence, P.R.A.English, 1769-183083 artworks
Carl Friedrich LessingGerman, 1808-188012 artworks
John MartinEnglish, 1789-185435 artworks
Johann Friedrich OverbeckGerman, 1789-186913 artworks
Ernest Fritz PetzholdtDanish, 1805-18386 artworks
Franz PforrGerman, 1788-18125 artworks
Alfred RethelGerman, 1816-18596 artworks
Francois Fleury RichardFrench, 1777-18523 artworks
Philipp Otto RungeGerman, 1777-18105 artworks
Ary SchefferFrench, 1795-185827 artworks
Julius Schnorr von CarolsfeldGerman, 1794-187222 artworks
Ludwig Schnorr von CarolsfeldGerman, 1788-18531 artwork
Karl Ferdinand SohnGerman, 1805-18675 artworks
Carl SpitzwegGerman, 1808-188535 artworks
Baron Charles SteubenFrench, 1788-18563 artworks
Hermann Anton StilkeGerman, 1803-18603 artworks
Adolph TidemandNorwegian, 1814-18766 artworks
Joseph Mallord William TurnerEnglish, 1775-1851836 artworks
Philipp VeitGerman, 1793-18778 artworks
Horace VernetFrench, 1789-186368 artworks
Baron Egide Charles Gustave WappersBelgian, 1803-18742 artworks
Antoine WiertzBelgian, 1806-18655 artworks
Random artworks by artists related to this movement

Juliet Tittoni as Jeanna D'Ark
Karl Pavlovich Brulloff

Bathsheba
Francesco Paolo Hayez

Rome: The Forum with a Rainbow
Joseph Mallord William Turner

Falls of the Clyde
Joseph Mallord William Turner

Return from Russia
Thèodore Gèricault

View from a Window at Quisisana
Johan Christian (J.C.C.) Dahl

Cliffs in Normandy
Eugène Delacroix

A Boat Anchored in a Harbour
Joseph Mallord William Turner

Scene of the Villa Malta
Johan Christian (J.C.C.) Dahl

William Pitt (1759-1806)
Sir Thomas Lawrence, P.R.A.

Senor Sabasa Garcia
Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes

Lillebonne, Looking towards the Seine
Joseph Mallord William Turner

The Rock Gates in Neurathen
Caspar David Friedrich

Forest Chapel
Carl Friedrich Lessing

Le Havre, Sunset
Joseph Mallord William Turner

Low Tide at Boulogne
Richard Parkes Bonington

Mariana de Pontejos
Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes
Top 10 museums with Romantic art
Tate Britain - LondonUnited Kingdom (London)489 artworks
Museo del Prado - MadridSpain (Madrid)103 artworks
Musée du Louvre - ParisFrance (Paris)79 artworks
Hermitage Museum - St-PetersburgRussian Federation (St. Petersburg)69 artworks
Fitzwilliam Museum - CambridgeUnited Kingdom (Cambridge)67 artworks
Yale Center for British ArtUnited States (New Haven, Connecticut)66 artworks
National Gallery of Scotland - EdinburghUnited Kingdom (Edinburgh)65 artworks
Metropolitan Museum of Art - New York, NYUnited States (New York)56 artworks
Victoria and Albert Museum - LondonUnited Kingdom (London)52 artworks
Wallace Collection - LondonUnited Kingdom (London)50 artworks
Important dates
Founding date:  1800
Why 1800?: The movement started during the wars of the French Revolution and Empire, with the emerging German nationalism which launched the Gothic revival in Europe.

End date:  1850
Why 1850?: The failure of the nationalist revolutions of 1848 all over Europe can be seen as the end of Romanticism and its ideals.