Academism
(An artistic movement)

Dates: 1850-1910

Artists sponsored by the State who focused on historical and mythological themes, with many nude allegories, or idealized genre scenes in order to represent the perfect beauty in art. The style was a sort of synthesis of the previous official art movements, especially Romanticism and Neoclassicism.
People associated with this movement
Louis-Emile AdanFrench, 1839-19373 artworks
Alfred Pierre AgacheFrench, 1843-19153 artworks
Sir Lawrence Alma-TademaDutch, 1836-1912170 artworks
Abbey Altson1866-194932 artworks
Eugène-Emmanuel Amaury-DuvalFrench, 1808-18857 artworks
Edward Armitage1817-189621 artworks
Stefan BakalowiczPolish, 1857-19473 artworks
Paul BaudryFrench, 1828-18862 artworks
Leon BenouvilleFrench, 1821-18594 artworks
Edouard BissonFrench, 1856-19393 artworks
Léon Joseph Florentin BonnatFrench, 1833-192253 artworks
Pierre-Louis BouchardFrench, 1831-18891 artwork
Elizabeth Jane Gardner BouguereauAmerican, 1837-19228 artworks
William BouguereauFrench, 1825-1905428 artworks
Charles Edouard BoutibonneFrench, 1816-18977 artworks
Alexandre CabanelFrench, 1823-188966 artworks
Joseph CaraudFrench, 1821-19059 artworks
Emile Carolus-DuranFrench, 1838-191737 artworks
Paul Emile ChabasFrench, 1869-19377 artworks
Charles ChaplinFrench, 1825-189139 artworks
Georges Jules Victor ClairinFrench, 1843-191917 artworks
Louis-Joseph-Raphael CollinFrench, 1850-19169 artworks
Léon-François ComerreFrench, 1850-191617 artworks
Charles West CopeEnglish, 1811-18909 artworks
Pierre-Auguste CotFrench, 1837-18835 artworks
Gustave CourtoisFrench, 1852-19232 artworks
Thomas CoutureFrench, 1815-187926 artworks
Władysław CzachórskiPolish, 1850-191127 artworks
Henri-Camille DangerFrench, 1857-19376 artworks
Edouard-Joseph DantanFrench, 1848-18973 artworks
Eugene de BlaasAustrian, 1843-1932145 artworks
Henri DelabordeFrench, 1811-18992 artworks
Jules-Élie DelaunayFrench, 1828-18911 artwork
Francois Alfred DelobbeFrench, 1835-19205 artworks
Cesare Augusto DettiItalian, 1847-191435 artworks
Gustave DoyenFrench, 1837- ?6 artworks
Herbert James DraperEnglish, 1864-192049 artworks
Delphin EnjolrasFrench, 1857-1945183 artworks
Rudolf ErnstAustrian, 1854-193235 artworks
Luis FaleroSpanish, 1851-189624 artworks
Benjamin Eugene FichelFrench, 1826-18954 artworks
Albert Auguste FourieFrench, 1854-19373 artworks
Theodore GerardBelgian, 1829-189534 artworks
Jean-Léon GérômeFrench, 1824-1904222 artworks
Henri GervexFrench, 1852-192914 artworks
Victor Gabriel GilbertFrench, 1847-1933110 artworks
Jules GirardetFrench, 1856-193816 artworks
Henry Gillard Glindoni1852-191313 artworks
John William GodwardEnglish, 1861-1922257 artworks
Jean-Jacques HennerFrench, 1829-19055 artworks
Gustave Jean JacquetFrench, 1846-190934 artworks
Paul JaminFrench, 1853-19032 artworks
Adolphe la LyreFrench, 1850-19355 artworks
Charles Zacherie LandelleFrench, 1812-190810 artworks
Jean-Paul LaurensFrench, 1838-19216 artworks
Jean-Jules-Antoine Lecomte du NouÿFrench, 1842-192314 artworks
Jules Joseph LefebvreFrench, 1836-191148 artworks
Edmund Blair LeightonEnglish, 1853-192293 artworks
Alexander Louis LeloirFrench, 1843-18847 artworks
Jules Eugène LenepveuFrench, 1819-18981 artwork
Charles-Amable LenoirFrench, 1861-19409 artworks
Henri Léopold LévyFrench, 1840-19044 artworks
John Arthur Lomax1857-192315 artworks
Hugues MerleFrench, 1823-188115 artworks
Albert Joseph Moore, A.R.W.S.English, 1841-189355 artworks
Frederick MorganEnglish, 1847-192731 artworks
Henri-Paul MotteFrench, 1846-19222 artworks
Ernest Normand1857-192313 artworks
Sir William Quiller OrchardsonEnglish, 1832-191088 artworks
Antonio PaolettiItalian, 1833-19127 artworks
Leon-Jean-Basile PerraultFrench, 1832-190816 artworks
Henri-Félix-Emmanuel PhilippoteauxFrench, 1818-18844 artworks
Henri Pierre PicouFrench, 1824-189513 artworks
Sir Edward John PoynterEnglish, 1836-191968 artworks
Henrietta Rae-NormandEnglish, 1859-19286 artworks
Theodoros RalliGreek, 1852-190935 artworks
Henri RegnaultFrench, 1843-18714 artworks
Pio RicciItalian, 1850-191929 artworks
Edwin Thomas Roberts1840-191740 artworks
Alexander Mark Rossi1840-191642 artworks
Lionel-Noël RoyerFrench, 1852-19261 artwork
Jules ScalbertFrench, 1851-19288 artworks
Henri-Guillaume SchlesingerFrench, 1814-18936 artworks
Guillaume SeignacFrench, 1870-192462 artworks
Paul SieffertFrench, 1874-19577 artworks
Hendryk SiemiradzkiPolish, 1843-190272 artworks
Solomon Joseph SolomonEnglish, 1860-19275 artworks
Charles Joseph Frederick SoulacroixFrench, 1825-187949 artworks
Nikolai SverchkovRussian, 1817-189811 artworks
Henri Adrien TanouxFrench, 1865-192318 artworks
Eugène Romain ThirionFrench, 1839-19192 artworks
Edoardo TofanoItalian, 1838-19202 artworks
Auguste ToulmoucheFrench, 1829-189042 artworks
Emile VernonFrench, 1872-191952 artworks
Jehan-Georges VibertFrench, 1840-190243 artworks
Sándor von WagnerHungarian, 1838-19191 artwork
Jean-Joseph WeertsFrench, 1847-19271 artwork
Charles WildaAustrian, 1854-19071 artwork
William Clarke WontnerEnglish, 1857-19307 artworks
Eduardo Zamacois y ZabalaSpanish, 1841-18712 artworks
Fritz Zuber-BuhlerSwiss, 1822-189653 artworks
Random artworks by artists related to this movement

The Bouquet
John William Godward

The Courtesan
Thomas Couture

At the Fountain
Guillaume Seignac

The Flower Market
Victor Gabriel Gilbert

Ancient Pastimes
John William Godward

Roses
Emile Vernon

Meditation
Charles-Amable Lenoir

An Evening at Home
Sir Edward John Poynter

Autumn
Jean-Léon Gérôme

The Fountain
Albert Joseph Moore, A.R.W.S.

Holy Friday, Greece
Theodoros Ralli

Camels at a Watering Trough
Jean-Léon Gérôme

Moorish Bath
Jean-Léon Gérôme

The Lost Love
Auguste Toulmouche

The Rest
William Bouguereau

The Capture
Herbert James Draper

Expectations
Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema

The Old, Old Story
John William Godward
Top 10 museums with Academist art
Musée d'Orsay - ParisFrance (Paris)34 artworks
Walters Art Museum - BaltimoreUnited States (Baltimore, Maryland)23 artworks
Manchester Art GalleryUnited Kingdom (Manchester)21 artworks
Musée Fabre - MontpellierFrance (Montpellier)20 artworks
Metropolitan Museum of Art - New York, NYUnited States (New York)19 artworks
Hermitage Museum - St-PetersburgRussian Federation (St. Petersburg)18 artworks
Tate Britain - LondonUnited Kingdom (London)18 artworks
Walker Art Gallery, LiverpoolUnited Kingdom (Liverpool)15 artworks
Palais des Beaux Arts de LilleFrance (Lille)15 artworks
Sheffield City Art GalleriesEngland (Sheffield)12 artworks
Important dates
Founding date:  1850
Why 1850?: Approximative date of the merger between Romanticism and Neoclassicism which happened in the Paris Salon. Emperor Napoleon III also favoured it as his official art.

End date:  1910
Why 1910?: End of the traditional salons, decline of Fine Arts academies (artists could train elsewhere) and death of the prominent painters of the style.