Academism
(An artistic movement)

Dates: 1850-1910

Artists sponsored by the State who focused on historical and mythological themes, with many nude allegories, or idealized genre scenes in order to represent the perfect beauty in art. The style was a sort of synthesis of the previous official art movements, especially Romanticism and Neoclassicism.
People associated with this movement
Louis-Emile AdanFrench, 1839-19373 artworks
Alfred Pierre AgacheFrench, 1843-19152 artworks
Sir Lawrence Alma-TademaDutch, 1836-1912170 artworks
Abbey Altson1866-194932 artworks
Eugène-Emmanuel Amaury-DuvalFrench, 1808-18852 artworks
Stefan BakalowiczPolish, 1857-19473 artworks
Paul BaudryFrench, 1828-18861 artwork
Leon BenouvilleFrench, 1821-18594 artworks
Léon Joseph Florentin BonnatFrench, 1833-192253 artworks
Pierre-Louis BouchardFrench, 1831-18891 artwork
Elizabeth Jane Gardner BouguereauAmerican, 1837-19227 artworks
William BouguereauFrench, 1825-1905427 artworks
Charles Edouard BoutibonneFrench, 1816-18977 artworks
Alexandre CabanelFrench, 1823-188963 artworks
Joseph CaraudFrench, 1821-19059 artworks
Emile Carolus-DuranFrench, 1838-191729 artworks
Paul Emile ChabasFrench, 1869-19377 artworks
Charles ChaplinFrench, 1825-189137 artworks
Georges Jules Victor ClairinFrench, 1843-191916 artworks
Louis-Joseph-Raphael CollinFrench, 1850-19168 artworks
Charles West CopeEnglish, 1811-18909 artworks
Pierre-Auguste CotFrench, 1837-18835 artworks
Gustave CourtoisFrench, 1852-19232 artworks
Thomas CoutureFrench, 1815-18798 artworks
Władysław CzachórskiPolish, 1850-191127 artworks
Henri-Camille DangerFrench, 1857-19376 artworks
Edouard-Joseph DantanFrench, 1848-18972 artworks
Eugene de BlaasAustrian, 1843-1932143 artworks
Henri DelabordeFrench, 1811-18992 artworks
Jules-Élie DelaunayFrench, 1828-18911 artwork
Francois Alfred DelobbeFrench, 1835-19205 artworks
Cesare Augusto DettiItalian, 1847-191432 artworks
Gustave DoyenFrench, 1837- ?6 artworks
Herbert James DraperEnglish, 1864-192049 artworks
Delphin EnjolrasFrench, 1857-1945180 artworks
Rudolf ErnstAustrian, 1854-193235 artworks
Luis FaleroSpanish, 1851-189622 artworks
Benjamin Eugene FichelFrench, 1826-18954 artworks
Albert Auguste FourieFrench, 1854-19373 artworks
Theodore GerardBelgian, 1829-189534 artworks
Jean-Léon GérômeFrench, 1824-1904220 artworks
Henri GervexFrench, 1852-192914 artworks
Victor Gabriel GilbertFrench, 1847-1933109 artworks
Jules GirardetFrench, 1856-193816 artworks
Henry Gillard Glindoni1852-191313 artworks
John William GodwardEnglish, 1861-1922257 artworks
Jean-Jacques HennerFrench, 1829-19054 artworks
Gustave Jean JacquetFrench, 1846-190933 artworks
Paul JaminFrench, 1853-19032 artworks
Adolphe la LyreFrench, 1850-19355 artworks
Charles Zacherie LandelleFrench, 1812-190810 artworks
Jean-Jules-Antoine Lecomte du NouÿFrench, 1842-192314 artworks
Jules Joseph LefebvreFrench, 1836-191147 artworks
Edmund Blair LeightonEnglish, 1853-192249 artworks
Alexander Louis LeloirFrench, 1843-18847 artworks
Jules Eugène LenepveuFrench, 1819-18981 artwork
Charles-Amable LenoirFrench, 1861-19409 artworks
Henri Léopold LévyFrench, 1840-19044 artworks
John Arthur Lomax1857-192315 artworks
Hugues MerleFrench, 1823-188114 artworks
Albert Joseph Moore, A.R.W.S.English, 1841-189355 artworks
Frederick MorganEnglish, 1847-192731 artworks
Henri-Paul MotteFrench, 1846-19222 artworks
Ernest Normand1857-192313 artworks
Sir William Quiller OrchardsonEnglish, 1832-191088 artworks
Antonio PaolettiItalian, 1833-19126 artworks
Leon-Jean-Basile PerraultFrench, 1832-190814 artworks
Henri-Félix-Emmanuel PhilippoteauxFrench, 1818-18843 artworks
Henri Pierre PicouFrench, 1824-189513 artworks
Sir Edward John PoynterEnglish, 1836-191967 artworks
Henrietta Rae-NormandEnglish, 1859-19286 artworks
Theodoros RalliGreek, 1852-190935 artworks
Henri RegnaultFrench, 1843-18714 artworks
Pio RicciItalian, 1850-191929 artworks
Alexander Mark Rossi1840-191641 artworks
Lionel-Noël RoyerFrench, 1852-19261 artwork
Jules ScalbertFrench, 1851-19288 artworks
Henri-Guillaume SchlesingerFrench, 1814-18936 artworks
Guillaume SeignacFrench, 1870-192461 artworks
Paul SieffertFrench, 1874-19577 artworks
Hendryk SiemiradzkiPolish, 1843-190272 artworks
Solomon Joseph SolomonEnglish, 1860-19274 artworks
Charles Joseph Frederick SoulacroixFrench, 1825-187949 artworks
Nikolai SverchkovRussian, 1817-189811 artworks
Henri Adrien TanouxFrench, 1865-192318 artworks
Eugène Romain ThirionFrench, 1839-19192 artworks
Auguste ToulmoucheFrench, 1829-189042 artworks
Emile VernonFrench, 1872-191952 artworks
Jehan-Georges VibertFrench, 1840-190243 artworks
Sándor von WagnerHungarian, 1838-19191 artwork
Jean-Joseph WeertsFrench, 1847-19271 artwork
Charles WildaAustrian, 1854-19071 artwork
William Clarke WontnerEnglish, 1857-19307 artworks
Eduardo Zamacois y ZabalaSpanish, 1841-18712 artworks
Fritz Zuber-BuhlerSwiss, 1822-189653 artworks
Random artworks by artists related to this movement

Water Carriers
Sir Edward John Poynter

Courtship
Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema

Isaac Julius Weinberg
Sir William Quiller Orchardson

Curacao
Jean-Léon Gérôme

Spring in Arabia (study)
Jean-Léon Gérôme

Choosing the Finest
Charles Joseph Frederick Soulacroix

The Jewel Box
John William Godward

Truth
Jules Joseph Lefebvre

The Moneylender
John Arthur Lomax

Woman with Seashell
William Bouguereau

The Flirtation
Charles Joseph Frederick Soulacroix

An Italian Girl's Head
John William Godward

The Bather
William Bouguereau

Reclining Nude
Luis Falero

Breton Brother and Sister
William Bouguereau

Bellezza Pompeiana
John William Godward

Wrath of the Sea God
Herbert James Draper

La Toilette
Charles Chaplin

Study of an Ash Trunk
Albert Joseph Moore, A.R.W.S.
Top 10 museums with Academist art
Musée d'Orsay - ParisFrance (Paris)33 artworks
Walters Art Museum - BaltimoreUnited States (Baltimore, Maryland)23 artworks
Musée Fabre - MontpellierFrance (Montpellier)19 artworks
Manchester Art GalleryUnited Kingdom (Manchester)18 artworks
Hermitage Museum - St-PetersburgRussian Federation (St. Petersburg)17 artworks
Metropolitan Museum of Art - New York, NYUnited States (New York)17 artworks
Tate Britain - LondonUnited Kingdom (London)16 artworks
Walker Art Gallery, LiverpoolUnited Kingdom (Liverpool)14 artworks
Palais des Beaux Arts de LilleFrance (Lille)12 artworks
Aberdeen Art Gallery and MuseumsUnited Kingdom (Aberdeen)11 artworks
Important dates
Founding date:  1850
Why 1850?: Approximative date of the merger between Romanticism and Neoclassicism which happened in the Paris Salon. Emperor Napoleon III also favoured it as his official art.

End date:  1910
Why 1910?: End of the traditional salons, decline of Fine Arts academies (artists could train elsewhere) and death of the prominent painters of the style.