Academism
(An artistic movement)

Dates: 1850-1910

Artists sponsored by the State who focused on historical and mythological themes, with many nude allegories, or idealized genre scenes in order to represent the perfect beauty in art. The style was a sort of synthesis of the previous official art movements, especially Romanticism and Neoclassicism.
People associated with this movement
Louis-Emile AdanFrench, 1839-19379 artworks
Alfred Pierre AgacheFrench, 1843-19153 artworks
Laura Theresa Alma-Tadema1852-19097 artworks
Sir Lawrence Alma-TademaDutch, 1836-1912227 artworks
Abbey Altson1866-194932 artworks
Eugène-Emmanuel Amaury-DuvalFrench, 1808-188515 artworks
Friedrich von AmerlingAustrian, 1803-188793 artworks
Edward Armitage1817-189627 artworks
Stefan BakalowiczPolish, 1857-19473 artworks
Paul BaudryFrench, 1828-18862 artworks
François-Léon BenouvilleFrench, 1821-185912 artworks
Ernst BergerAustrian, 1857-19191 artwork
Edouard BissonFrench, 1856-19394 artworks
Eugene de BlaasItalian, 1843-1932153 artworks
Léon Joseph Florentin BonnatFrench, 1833-192255 artworks
Pierre-Louis BouchardFrench, 1831-18891 artwork
Elizabeth Jane Gardner BouguereauAmerican, 1837-19228 artworks
William BouguereauFrench, 1825-1905436 artworks
Charles Edouard BoutibonneFrench, 1816-189711 artworks
Eugen Felix Prosper BrachtGerman, 1842-192140 artworks
Anton BraithGerman, 1836-19056 artworks
Alexandre CabanelFrench, 1823-188971 artworks
Alejandro CabezaSpanish103 artworks
Joseph CaraudFrench, 1821-190539 artworks
Charles Auguste Emile Carolus-DuranFrench, 1838-191785 artworks
Paul Emile ChabasFrench, 1869-19378 artworks
Charles ChaplinFrench, 1825-189141 artworks
Georges Jules Victor ClairinFrench, 1843-191921 artworks
Louis-Joseph-Raphael CollinFrench, 1850-191610 artworks
Léon-François ComerreFrench, 1850-191618 artworks
Tito ContiItalian, 1842-192413 artworks
Charles West CopeEnglish, 1811-189042 artworks
Fernand CormonFrench, 1845-19247 artworks
Pierre-Auguste CotFrench, 1837-18838 artworks
Gustave CourtoisFrench, 1852-19232 artworks
Thomas CoutureFrench, 1815-187928 artworks
Władysław CzachórskiPolish, 1850-191137 artworks
Pascal Dagnan-BouveretFrench, 1852-192948 artworks
Henri-Camille DangerFrench, 1857-19376 artworks
Edouard-Joseph DantanFrench, 1848-18975 artworks
Henri DelabordeFrench, 1811-18992 artworks
Paul DelarocheFrench, 1797-185627 artworks
Jules-Élie DelaunayFrench, 1828-18912 artworks
Francois Alfred DelobbeFrench, 1835-19205 artworks
Cesare Augusto DettiItalian, 1847-191437 artworks
Emil DoerstlingGerman, 1859-19402 artworks
Gustave DoyenFrench, 1837- ?6 artworks
Herbert James DraperEnglish, 1864-192054 artworks
Emile Eisman-SemenowskyPolish, 1857-191195 artworks
Erasmus EngertAustrian, 1796-18711 artwork
Delphin EnjolrasFrench, 1857-1945184 artworks
Rudolf ErnstAustrian, 1854-193242 artworks
Luis FaleroSpanish, 1851-189627 artworks
Benjamin Eugene FichelFrench, 1826-18958 artworks
Albert Auguste FourieFrench, 1854-19373 artworks
Juan Jose Gárate y ClaveroSpanish, 1869-19391 artwork
Jules-Arsène GarnierFrench, 1847-18891 artwork
Carl GehrtsGerman, 1853-18981 artwork
Théodore GérardBelgian, 1829-189535 artworks
Jean-Léon GérômeFrench, 1824-1904236 artworks
Paul GervaisFrench, 1859-19342 artworks
Henri GervexFrench, 1852-192916 artworks
Victor Gabriel GilbertFrench, 1847-1933113 artworks
Jules GirardetFrench, 1856-193818 artworks
Henry Gillard Glindoni1852-191314 artworks
John William GodwardEnglish, 1861-1922260 artworks
Ernest HébertFrench, 1817-19081 artwork
Jean-Jacques HennerFrench, 1829-1905399 artworks
Hubert von HerkomerEnglish, 1849-19143 artworks
August von HeydenGerman, 1827-18971 artwork
Julius HübnerGerman, 1806-18822 artworks
Vojtěch HynaisCzech, 1854-19254 artworks
Gustave Jean JacquetFrench, 1846-190937 artworks
Paul JaminFrench, 1853-19032 artworks
Peter JanssenGerman, 1844-19085 artworks
Jose Jimenez y ArandaSpanish, 1837-190328 artworks
Frank KirchbachGerman, 1859-19121 artwork
Julius KleverRussian, 1850-1924119 artworks
Gotthardt KuehlGerman, 1850-19155 artworks
Adolphe la LyreFrench, 1850-19355 artworks
Charles Zacherie LandelleFrench, 1812-190810 artworks
Sir Edwin LandseerEnglish, 1802-1873164 artworks
Jean-Paul LaurensFrench, 1838-19217 artworks
Jean-Jules-Antoine Lecomte du NouÿFrench, 1842-192314 artworks
Jules Joseph LefebvreFrench, 1836-191157 artworks
Edmund Blair LeightonEnglish, 1853-192293 artworks
Sir Frederic Lord LeightonEnglish, 1830-1896228 artworks
Alexander Louis LeloirFrench, 1843-18847 artworks
Jules Eugène LenepveuFrench, 1819-18981 artwork
Charles-Amable LenoirFrench, 1861-19409 artworks
Henri Léopold LévyFrench, 1840-19044 artworks
John Arthur Lomax1857-192315 artworks
Gabriel Cornelius Ritter von MaxCzech, 1840-191527 artworks
Hugues MerleFrench, 1823-188117 artworks
Albert Joseph Moore, A.R.W.S.English, 1841-189356 artworks
Frederick MorganEnglish, 1847-192736 artworks
Aime-Nicolas MorotFrench, 1850-19134 artworks
Henri-Paul MotteFrench, 1846-19222 artworks
Ernest Normand1857-192313 artworks
Sir William Quiller OrchardsonEnglish, 1832-191092 artworks
Antonio PaolettiItalian, 1833-19127 artworks
Georg PapperitzGerman, 1846-19181 artwork
Leon-Jean-Basile PerraultFrench, 1832-190819 artworks
Henri-Félix-Emmanuel PhilippoteauxFrench, 1818-18844 artworks
Henri Pierre PicouFrench, 1824-189514 artworks
Ferdinand von PilotyGerman, 1828-18954 artworks
Sir Edward John PoynterEnglish, 1836-191969 artworks
René-François-Xavier PrinetFrench, 1861-19463 artworks
Henrietta Rae-NormandEnglish, 1859-19286 artworks
Theodoros RalliGreek, 1852-190935 artworks
Henri RegnaultFrench, 1843-18715 artworks
Pio RicciItalian, 1850-191929 artworks
Briton RiviereEnglish, 1840-192057 artworks
Edwin Thomas Roberts1840-191740 artworks
Georges Antoine RochegrosseFrench, 1859-193836 artworks
Alexander Mark Rossi1840-191642 artworks
Lionel-Noël RoyerFrench, 1852-19261 artwork
Jules ScalbertFrench, 1851-19288 artworks
Eduard SchleichGerman, 1812-18742 artworks
Henri-Guillaume SchlesingerFrench, 1814-18937 artworks
Moritz von SchwindAustrian, 1804-18712 artworks
Guillaume SeignacFrench, 1870-192463 artworks
Paul SieffertFrench, 1874-19577 artworks
Hendryk SiemiradzkiPolish, 1843-190274 artworks
Henryk SiemiradzkiPolish, 1843-19020 artworks
Solomon Joseph SolomonEnglish, 1860-19275 artworks
Charles Joseph Frederick SoulacroixFrench, 1825-187954 artworks
Joseph Karl StielerGerman, 1781-185865 artworks
Nikolai SverchkovRussian, 1817-189814 artworks
Henri Adrien TanouxFrench, 1865-192319 artworks
Eugène Romain ThirionFrench, 1839-19192 artworks
Hans ThomaGerman, 1839-1924136 artworks
Edoardo TofanoItalian, 1838-19204 artworks
Auguste ToulmoucheFrench, 1829-189044 artworks
Benjamin VautierSwiss, 1829-18987 artworks
Emile VernonFrench, 1872-191955 artworks
Jehan-Georges VibertFrench, 1840-190252 artworks
Sándor von WagnerHungarian, 1838-19191 artwork
Ferdinand Georg WaldmüllerAustrian, 1793-1865146 artworks
John William WaterhouseEnglish, 1849-191793 artworks
Jean-Joseph WeertsFrench, 1847-19271 artwork
Charles WildaAustrian, 1854-19071 artwork
William Clarke WontnerEnglish, 1857-193027 artworks
Eduardo Zamacois y ZabalaSpanish, 1841-18712 artworks
Fritz Zuber-BuhlerSwiss, 1822-189653 artworks
Random artworks by artists related to this movement

My Face is my Fortune
Edwin Thomas Roberts

House by the River
Julius Klever

Mrs John Pettie
Sir William Quiller Orchardson

Balcony
Eugene de Blaas

A Society Beauty
Emile Eisman-Semenowsky

George Lucas
Alexandre Cabanel

Songs of Spring
William Bouguereau

The Grape Picker
William Bouguereau

Away From Home
Leon-Jean-Basile Perrault

Grapes
Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller

The Fisherman's Wooing
Eugene de Blaas

The Feathered Fan
Jules Joseph Lefebvre

Head of a Girl
Gustave Jean Jacquet

The Entrance of the Bull
Jean-Léon Gérôme

Man with stereoscope
Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller

Monkeys doll
Gabriel Cornelius Ritter von Max

Malin Head, Donegal
Sir Frederic Lord Leighton

A Souvenir
John William Godward
Top 10 museums with Academist art
France (Paris)347 artworks
Tate Britain - LondonUnited Kingdom (London)68 artworks
United Kingdom (London)59 artworks
Musée d'Orsay - ParisFrance (Paris)55 artworks
Victoria and Albert Museum - LondonUnited Kingdom (London)48 artworks
Manchester Art GalleryUnited Kingdom (Manchester)39 artworks
Walker Art Gallery, LiverpoolUnited Kingdom (Liverpool)34 artworks
Metropolitan Museum of Art - New York, NYUnited States (New York)29 artworks
Hermitage Museum - St-PetersburgRussian Federation (St. Petersburg)27 artworks
Palais des Beaux Arts de LilleFrance (Lille)27 artworks
Important dates
Founding date:  1850
Why 1850?: Approximative date of the merger between Romanticism and Neoclassicism which happened in the Paris Salon. Emperor Napoleon III also favoured it as his official art.

End date:  1910
Why 1910?: End of the traditional salons, decline of Fine Arts academies (artists could train elsewhere) and death of the prominent painters of the style.