Academism
(An artistic movement)

Dates: 1850-1910

Artists sponsored by the State who focused on historical and mythological themes, with many nude allegories, or idealized genre scenes in order to represent the perfect beauty in art. The style was a sort of synthesis of the previous official art movements, especially Romanticism and Neoclassicism.
People associated with this movement
Louis-Emile AdanFrench, 1839-193712 artworks
Alfred-Pierre AgacheFrench, 1843-19153 artworks
Laura Theresa Alma-Tadema1852-19097 artworks
Sir Lawrence Alma-TademaDutch, 1836-1912231 artworks
Abbey Altson1866-194932 artworks
Eugène-Emmanuel Amaury-DuvalFrench, 1808-188515 artworks
Friedrich von AmerlingAustrian, 1803-188794 artworks
Edward Armitage1817-189627 artworks
Stefan BakalowiczPolish, 1857-194730 artworks
Paul BaudryFrench, 1828-18863 artworks
François-Léon BenouvilleFrench, 1821-185912 artworks
Ernst BergerAustrian, 1857-19191 artwork
Edouard BissonFrench, 1856-19394 artworks
Eugene de BlaasItalian, 1843-1932153 artworks
Léon Joseph Florentin BonnatFrench, 1833-192255 artworks
Pierre-Louis BouchardFrench, 1831-18891 artwork
Elizabeth Jane Gardner BouguereauAmerican, 1837-19228 artworks
William BouguereauFrench, 1825-1905445 artworks
Charles Edouard BoutibonneFrench, 1816-189711 artworks
Eugen Felix Prosper BrachtGerman, 1842-192141 artworks
Anton BraithGerman, 1836-19056 artworks
Alexandre CabanelFrench, 1823-188972 artworks
Alejandro CabezaSpanish, 1971- ?105 artworks
Joseph CaraudFrench, 1821-190539 artworks
Charles Auguste Emile Carolus-DuranFrench, 1838-191785 artworks
Paul Emile ChabasFrench, 1869-19379 artworks
Charles ChaplinFrench, 1825-189143 artworks
Georges Jules Victor ClairinFrench, 1843-191922 artworks
Louis-Joseph-Raphael CollinFrench, 1850-191610 artworks
Léon-François ComerreFrench, 1850-191619 artworks
Tito ContiItalian, 1842-192413 artworks
Charles West CopeEnglish, 1811-189042 artworks
Fernand CormonFrench, 1845-19249 artworks
Pierre-Auguste CotFrench, 1837-18838 artworks
Gustave CourtoisFrench, 1852-19232 artworks
Thomas CoutureFrench, 1815-187928 artworks
Władysław CzachórskiPolish, 1850-191137 artworks
Pascal Dagnan-BouveretFrench, 1852-192949 artworks
Henri-Camille DangerFrench, 1857-19376 artworks
Edouard-Joseph DantanFrench, 1848-18975 artworks
Henri DelabordeFrench, 1811-18992 artworks
Paul DelarocheFrench, 1797-185627 artworks
Jules-Élie DelaunayFrench, 1828-18912 artworks
Francois Alfred DelobbeFrench, 1835-19205 artworks
Cesare Augusto DettiItalian, 1847-191438 artworks
Emil DoerstlingGerman, 1859-19402 artworks
Gustave DoyenFrench, 1837- ?6 artworks
Herbert James DraperEnglish, 1864-192055 artworks
Emile Eisman-SemenowskyPolish, 1857-191195 artworks
Erasmus EngertAustrian, 1796-18711 artwork
Delphin EnjolrasFrench, 1857-1945184 artworks
Rudolf ErnstAustrian, 1854-193243 artworks
Léon Maxime FaivreFrench, 1856-19145 artworks
Luis FaleroSpanish, 1851-189628 artworks
Benjamin Eugene FichelFrench, 1826-18958 artworks
Albert Auguste FourieFrench, 1854-19373 artworks
Juan Jose Gárate y ClaveroSpanish, 1869-19391 artwork
Jules-Arsène GarnierFrench, 1847-18891 artwork
Carl GehrtsGerman, 1853-18981 artwork
Théodore GérardBelgian, 1829-189535 artworks
Jean-Léon GérômeFrench, 1824-1904239 artworks
Paul GervaisFrench, 1859-19342 artworks
Henri GervexFrench, 1852-192917 artworks
Victor Gabriel GilbertFrench, 1847-1933116 artworks
Jules GirardetFrench, 1856-193818 artworks
Henry Gillard Glindoni1852-191314 artworks
John William GodwardEnglish, 1861-1922262 artworks
Ernest HébertFrench, 1817-19081 artwork
Jean-Jacques HennerFrench, 1829-1905400 artworks
Hubert von HerkomerEnglish, 1849-19144 artworks
August von HeydenGerman, 1827-18971 artwork
Julius HübnerGerman, 1806-18822 artworks
Vojtěch HynaisCzech, 1854-19254 artworks
Gustave Jean JacquetFrench, 1846-190939 artworks
Paul JaminFrench, 1853-19032 artworks
Peter JanssenGerman, 1844-19085 artworks
Jose Jimenez y ArandaSpanish, 1837-190329 artworks
Frank KirchbachGerman, 1859-19121 artwork
Julius KleverRussian, 1850-1924119 artworks
Gotthardt KuehlGerman, 1850-19155 artworks
Adolphe la LyreFrench, 1850-19355 artworks
Charles Zacherie LandelleFrench, 1812-190810 artworks
Sir Edwin LandseerEnglish, 1802-1873165 artworks
Jean-Paul LaurensFrench, 1838-19217 artworks
Jean-Jules-Antoine Lecomte du NouÿFrench, 1842-192314 artworks
Jules Joseph LefebvreFrench, 1836-191158 artworks
Edmund Blair LeightonEnglish, 1853-192294 artworks
Sir Frederic Lord LeightonEnglish, 1830-1896229 artworks
Alexander Louis LeloirFrench, 1843-18847 artworks
Jules Eugène LenepveuFrench, 1819-18981 artwork
Charles-Amable LenoirFrench, 1861-19409 artworks
Henri Léopold LévyFrench, 1840-19044 artworks
John Arthur Lomax1857-192315 artworks
Gabriel Cornelius Ritter von MaxCzech, 1840-191529 artworks
Hugues MerleFrench, 1823-188117 artworks
Albert Joseph Moore, A.R.W.S.English, 1841-189356 artworks
Frederick MorganEnglish, 1847-192736 artworks
Aime-Nicolas MorotFrench, 1850-19134 artworks
Henri-Paul MotteFrench, 1846-19222 artworks
Ernest Normand1857-192313 artworks
Sir William Quiller OrchardsonEnglish, 1832-191092 artworks
Antonio PaolettiItalian, 1833-19127 artworks
Georg PapperitzGerman, 1846-19186 artworks
Leon-Jean-Basile PerraultFrench, 1832-190821 artworks
Henri-Félix-Emmanuel PhilippoteauxFrench, 1818-18844 artworks
Henri Pierre PicouFrench, 1824-189515 artworks
Ferdinand von PilotyGerman, 1828-18954 artworks
Sir Edward John PoynterEnglish, 1836-191970 artworks
René-François-Xavier PrinetFrench, 1861-19463 artworks
Henrietta Rae-NormandEnglish, 1859-19286 artworks
Theodoros RalliGreek, 1852-190935 artworks
Henri RegnaultFrench, 1843-18715 artworks
Pio RicciItalian, 1850-191929 artworks
Briton RiviereEnglish, 1840-192057 artworks
Edwin Thomas Roberts1840-191740 artworks
Georges Antoine RochegrosseFrench, 1859-193837 artworks
Alexander Mark Rossi1840-191642 artworks
Lionel-Noël RoyerFrench, 1852-19261 artwork
Jules ScalbertFrench, 1851-19288 artworks
Eduard SchleichGerman, 1812-18742 artworks
Henri-Guillaume SchlesingerFrench, 1814-18938 artworks
Moritz von SchwindAustrian, 1804-18713 artworks
Guillaume SeignacFrench, 1870-192463 artworks
Paul SieffertFrench, 1874-19578 artworks
Hendryk SiemiradzkiPolish, 1843-190274 artworks
Henryk SiemiradzkiPolish, 1843-19020 artworks
Solomon Joseph SolomonEnglish, 1860-19275 artworks
Charles Joseph Frederick SoulacroixFrench, 1825-187955 artworks
Joseph Karl StielerGerman, 1781-185865 artworks
Nikolai SverchkovRussian, 1817-1898121 artworks
Henri Adrien TanouxFrench, 1865-192320 artworks
Eugène Romain ThirionFrench, 1839-19192 artworks
Hans ThomaGerman, 1839-1924137 artworks
Edoardo TofanoItalian, 1838-19204 artworks
Auguste ToulmoucheFrench, 1829-189044 artworks
Benjamin VautierSwiss, 1829-18987 artworks
Emile VernonFrench, 1872-191957 artworks
Jehan-Georges VibertFrench, 1840-190253 artworks
Sándor von WagnerHungarian, 1838-19191 artwork
Ferdinand Georg WaldmüllerAustrian, 1793-1865146 artworks
John William WaterhouseEnglish, 1849-191794 artworks
Jean-Joseph WeertsFrench, 1847-19271 artwork
Charles WildaAustrian, 1854-19072 artworks
William Clarke WontnerEnglish, 1857-193027 artworks
Eduardo Zamacois y ZabalaSpanish, 1841-18712 artworks
Fritz Zuber-BuhlerSwiss, 1822-189653 artworks
Random artworks by artists related to this movement

Landscape of Cardona
Alejandro Cabeza

The Awakening
William Bouguereau

A Balneator
Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema

The Winter Ride
Nikolai Sverchkov

Early Spring in the Vienna Woods
Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller

On the Balcony
John William Godward

A Friend's Lunch
Fernand Cormon

Femme Assise Au Lit
Delphin Enjolras

The Vision of Saint Catherine
Charles Auguste Emile Carolus-Duran

The Cured
Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller

Reclining Odalisque
Emile Eisman-Semenowsky

The Easy Chair
John William Waterhouse

April Smile
William Bouguereau

Femme au Narguile
Fernand Cormon

View of Paestum, (study)
Jean-Léon Gérôme

The Private View
Alexander Mark Rossi

The Thespians
Jehan-Georges Vibert
Top 10 museums with Academist art
France (Paris)347 artworks
Tate Britain - LondonUnited Kingdom (London)68 artworks
United Kingdom (London)60 artworks
Musée d'Orsay - ParisFrance (Paris)56 artworks
Victoria and Albert Museum - LondonUnited Kingdom (London)48 artworks
Manchester Art GalleryUnited Kingdom (Manchester)39 artworks
Walker Art Gallery, LiverpoolUnited Kingdom (Liverpool)34 artworks
Metropolitan Museum of Art - New York, NYUnited States (New York)29 artworks
Walters Art Museum - BaltimoreUnited States (Baltimore, Maryland)28 artworks
Hermitage Museum - St-PetersburgRussian Federation (St. Petersburg)28 artworks
Important dates
Founding date:  1850
Why 1850?: Approximative date of the merger between Romanticism and Neoclassicism which happened in the Paris Salon. Emperor Napoleon III also favoured it as his official art.

End date:  1910
Why 1910?: End of the traditional salons, decline of Fine Arts academies (artists could train elsewhere) and death of the prominent painters of the style.