Impressionism
(An artistic movement)

Dates: 1863-1920

This movement contains other movements: Skagen Painters, Old Lyme Colony

French artists who painted in 'plein-air', with bright and unmixed colours and slightly apparent brush strokes, in order to give a better rendering of light. The movement then extended to the other Western countries, notably the USA.

People associated with this movement
John Ottis AdamsAmerican, 1851-192756 artworks
Anna AncherDanish, 1859-193562 artworks
Michael Peter AncherDanish, 1849-192757 artworks
Lucy BaconAmerican, 1858-19321 artwork
Laureano BarrauSpanish, 1863-195726 artworks
Jean Frederic BazilleFrench, 1841-187049 artworks
Reynolds BealAmerican, 1867-195134 artworks
Frank W. BensonAmerican, 1862-1951136 artworks
Eugène-Louis BoudinFrench, 1824-18981087 artworks
Olga BoznańskaPolish, 1865-1940147 artworks
Matilda BrowneAmerican, 1869-19472 artworks
John Elwood BundyAmerican, 1853-193314 artworks
Dennis Miller BunkerAmerican, 1861-189057 artworks
Theodore Earl ButlerAmerican, 1861-193651 artworks
Gustave CaillebotteFrench, 1848-1894237 artworks
Ignacio Pinazo CamarlenchSpanish, 1849-1916176 artworks
Mary CassattAmerican, 1844-1926336 artworks
William ChadwickAmerican, 1879-196211 artworks
William Merritt ChaseAmerican, 1849-1916640 artworks
Alson Skinner ClarkAmerican, 1876-1949117 artworks
Colin Campbell CooperAmerican, 1856-193797 artworks
Lovis CorinthGerman, 1858-1925271 artworks
Paul CornoyerAmerican, 1864-192340 artworks
Edgar DegasFrench, 1834-1917640 artworks
Giuseppe de NittisItalian, 1846-188468 artworks
Frank Vincent DuMondAmerican, 1865-19513 artworks
John Joseph EnnekingAmerican, 1841-191655 artworks
Karoly FerenczyHungarian, 1862-19172 artworks
William Howe FooteAmerican, 1874-19654 artworks
Frederick Carl FriesekeAmerican, 1874-1939241 artworks
Daniel GarberAmerican, 1880-195852 artworks
Eva GonzalesFrench, 1849-188341 artworks
Edmund W. GreacenAmerican, 1876-194919 artworks
Richard B. GruelleAmerican, 1851-19142 artworks
Armand GuillauminFrench, 1841-1927438 artworks
Frederick Childe HassamAmerican, 1859-1935656 artworks
Ludwig von HofmannGerman, 1861-19454 artworks
Blanche Hoschedé-MonetFrench, 1865-194721 artworks
Wilson IrvineAmerican, 1869-193622 artworks
Charles Salis KaelinAmerican, 1858-192921 artworks
Joseph KleitschAmerican, 1882-1931162 artworks
Alexander KoesterGerman, 1864-193231 artworks
Christian KrohgDanish, 1852-192514 artworks
Johan KrouthénSwedish, 1858-1932472 artworks
Marie Triepcke KroyerDanish, 1867-19401 artwork
Peder Severin KroyerNorwegian, 1851-190984 artworks
William Langson LathropAmerican, 1859-193848 artworks
Albert LebourgFrench, 1849-1928214 artworks
Stanislas LépineFrench, 1835-189290 artworks
Richard Haley LeverAustralian, 1876-1958106 artworks
Max LiebermannGerman, 1847-1935208 artworks
Elmer Livingston MacRaeAmerican, 1875-195311 artworks
Édouard ManetFrench, 1832-1883244 artworks
Willard Leroy MetcalfAmerican, 1858-1925196 artworks
Claude Oscar MonetFrench, 1840-19261237 artworks
Adolphe-Joseph-Thomas MonticelliFrench, 1824-188651 artworks
Berthe MorisotFrench, 1841-1895292 artworks
George NoyesAmerican, 1864-19546 artworks
Frank NuderscherAmerican, 1880-19591 artwork
Leonard OchtmanAmerican, 1854-19356 artworks
Mina Fonda OchtmanAmerican, 1862-19241 artwork
Julian OnderdonkAmerican, 1882-1922184 artworks
Ernst OpplerGerman, 1867-19291 artwork
Walter Frederick OsborneIrish, 1859-190332 artworks
William MacGregor PaxtonAmerican, 1869-1941107 artworks
Lilla Cabot PerryAmerican, 1848-193382 artworks
Eilif PeterssenNorwegian, 1852-19285 artworks
Theodor PhilipsenDanish, 1840-19202 artworks
Camille PissarroFrench, 1830-19031033 artworks
Edward PotthastAmerican, 1857-1927284 artworks
Leo PutzGerman, 1869-194082 artworks
Henry Ward RangerAmerican, 1858-191614 artworks
Edward Willis RedfieldAmerican, 1869-196589 artworks
Robert Lewis ReidAmerican, 1862-192966 artworks
Pierre Auguste RenoirFrench, 1841-19191572 artworks
Theodore RobinsonAmerican, 1852-1896187 artworks
Guy Orlando RoseAmerican, 1867-1925134 artworks
John Singer SargentAmerican, 1856-19251491 artworks
Paul SawyierAmerican, 1865-191712 artworks
Valentin SerovRussian, 1865-1911122 artworks
Edward E. SimmonsAmerican, 1852-193115 artworks
Alfred SisleyFrench, 1839-1899576 artworks
Max SlevogtGerman, 1868-193246 artworks
Henry B. SnellAmerican, 1858-19431 artwork
Joaquin Sorolla y BastidaSpanish, 1863-1923573 artworks
George W. SotterAmerican, 1878-19537 artworks
Otto StarkAmerican, 1859-19268 artworks
Theodore Clement SteeleAmerican, 1847-192690 artworks
Jane SutherlandAustralian, 1853-192813 artworks
Edmund TarbellAmerican, 1862-1938118 artworks
Fritz ThaulowNorwegian, 1847-1906140 artworks
Laurits TuxenDanish, 1853-19272 artworks
John TwachtmanAmerican, 1853-1902279 artworks
Fritz von UhdeGerman, 1848-19115 artworks
Lesser UryGerman, 1861-1931135 artworks
Robert VonnohAmerican, 1858-193353 artworks
Clark Greenwood VoorheesAmerican, 1871-19338 artworks
Elmer WachtelAmerican, 1864-192919 artworks
Marion Kavanaugh (Wachtel)American, 1875-19548 artworks
Julian Alden WeirAmerican, 1852-1919137 artworks
Albert WeisgerberGerman, 1878-19151 artwork
James Abbott McNeill WhistlerAmerican, 1834-1903237 artworks
Federico ZandomeneghiItalian, 1841-191797 artworks
Random artworks by artists related to this movement

Spring at Pontoise
Camille Pissarro

Autumn Roadside
Willard Leroy Metcalf

November
Guy Orlando Rose

Mona, Daughter of Mrs. R
William Merritt Chase

The Chat
Federico Zandomeneghi

Banks of the Marne
Armand Guillaumin

Three Boats
John Singer Sargent

A Walk by the Sea
Pierre Auguste Renoir

Gloucester
John Twachtman

Seascape, Night Effect
Claude Oscar Monet

Campo Dei Gesuiti
John Singer Sargent

A Basket of Apples
Claude Oscar Monet

Argenteuil, Boat
Édouard Manet

The Note
William MacGregor Paxton
Important dates
Founding date:  1863
Why 1863?: Creation of the 'Salon des Refusés' to exhibit works refused by the official Salon. Manet presented there his 'Luncheon on the Grass' which provoked a scandal and created the style.

End date:  1920
Why 1920?: End of the Impressionist exhibitions in 1886. But the style expanded in other countries (USA and Scandinavia) and lasted until the World War.