Impressionism
(An artistic movement)

Dates: 1863-1920

This movement contains other movements: Skagen Painters, Old Lyme Colony

French artists who painted in 'plein-air', with bright and unmixed colours and slightly apparent brush strokes, in order to give a better rendering of light. The movement then extended to the other Western countries, notably the USA.

People associated with this movement
John Ottis AdamsAmerican, 1851-192756 artworks
Anna AncherDanish, 1859-193564 artworks
Michael Peter AncherDanish, 1849-192758 artworks
Lucy BaconAmerican, 1858-19322 artworks
Laureano BarrauSpanish, 1863-195726 artworks
Jean Frederic BazilleFrench, 1841-187050 artworks
Reynolds BealAmerican, 1867-195139 artworks
Frank W. BensonAmerican, 1862-1951143 artworks
Eugène-Louis BoudinFrench, 1824-18981154 artworks
Olga BoznańskaPolish, 1865-1940157 artworks
Matilda BrowneAmerican, 1869-19474 artworks
John Elwood BundyAmerican, 1853-193321 artworks
Dennis Miller BunkerAmerican, 1861-189057 artworks
Theodore Earl ButlerAmerican, 1861-193669 artworks
Alejandro CabezaSpanish103 artworks
Gustave CaillebotteFrench, 1848-1894252 artworks
Ignacio Pinazo CamarlenchSpanish, 1849-1916177 artworks
Mary CassattAmerican, 1844-1926342 artworks
William ChadwickAmerican, 1879-196214 artworks
William Merritt ChaseAmerican, 1849-1916646 artworks
Alson Skinner ClarkAmerican, 1876-1949124 artworks
Colin Campbell CooperAmerican, 1856-1937101 artworks
Lovis CorinthGerman, 1858-1925288 artworks
Paul CornoyerAmerican, 1864-192344 artworks
Edgar DegasFrench, 1834-1917674 artworks
Giuseppe de NittisItalian, 1846-188471 artworks
Frank Vincent DuMondAmerican, 1865-195111 artworks
John Joseph EnnekingAmerican, 1841-191667 artworks
Karoly FerenczyHungarian, 1862-19173 artworks
William Howe FooteAmerican, 1874-19655 artworks
Frederick Carl FriesekeAmerican, 1874-1939313 artworks
Daniel GarberAmerican, 1880-195869 artworks
Eva GonzalesFrench, 1849-188345 artworks
Edmund W. GreacenAmerican, 1876-194930 artworks
Richard B. GruelleAmerican, 1851-19142 artworks
Armand GuillauminFrench, 1841-1927479 artworks
Frederick Childe HassamAmerican, 1859-1935684 artworks
Ludwig von HofmannGerman, 1861-19456 artworks
Blanche Hoschedé-MonetFrench, 1865-194734 artworks
Wilson IrvineAmerican, 1869-193634 artworks
Charles Salis KaelinAmerican, 1858-192922 artworks
Joseph KleitschAmerican, 1882-1931165 artworks
Alexander KoesterGerman, 1864-193231 artworks
Christian KrohgDanish, 1852-192515 artworks
Johan KrouthénSwedish, 1858-1932472 artworks
Marie Triepcke KroyerDanish, 1867-19401 artwork
Peder Severin KroyerNorwegian, 1851-190987 artworks
William Langson LathropAmerican, 1859-193850 artworks
Albert LebourgFrench, 1849-1928222 artworks
Stanislas LépineFrench, 1835-189297 artworks
Richard Haley LeverAustralian, 1876-1958122 artworks
Max LiebermannGerman, 1847-1935229 artworks
Elmer Livingston MacRaeAmerican, 1875-195311 artworks
Édouard ManetFrench, 1832-1883257 artworks
Willard Leroy MetcalfAmerican, 1858-1925203 artworks
Claude Oscar MonetFrench, 1840-19261265 artworks
Adolphe-Joseph-Thomas MonticelliFrench, 1824-1886123 artworks
Berthe MorisotFrench, 1841-1895300 artworks
George NoyesAmerican, 1864-195411 artworks
Frank NuderscherAmerican, 1880-19593 artworks
Leonard OchtmanAmerican, 1854-19358 artworks
Mina Fonda OchtmanAmerican, 1862-19241 artwork
Julian OnderdonkAmerican, 1882-1922188 artworks
Ernst OpplerGerman, 1867-19292 artworks
Walter Frederick OsborneIrish, 1859-190335 artworks
William MacGregor PaxtonAmerican, 1869-1941111 artworks
Lilla Cabot PerryAmerican, 1848-193386 artworks
Eilif PeterssenNorwegian, 1852-19285 artworks
Theodor PhilipsenDanish, 1840-19202 artworks
Camille PissarroFrench, 1830-19031084 artworks
Edward PotthastAmerican, 1857-1927293 artworks
Leo PutzGerman, 1869-194089 artworks
Henry Ward RangerAmerican, 1858-191616 artworks
Edward Willis RedfieldAmerican, 1869-196598 artworks
Robert Lewis ReidAmerican, 1862-192981 artworks
Pierre Auguste RenoirFrench, 1841-19191665 artworks
Theodore RobinsonAmerican, 1852-1896200 artworks
Guy Orlando RoseAmerican, 1867-1925140 artworks
John Singer SargentAmerican, 1856-19251498 artworks
Paul SawyierAmerican, 1865-191715 artworks
Valentin SerovRussian, 1865-1911128 artworks
Edward E. SimmonsAmerican, 1852-193118 artworks
Alfred SisleyFrench, 1839-1899643 artworks
Max SlevogtGerman, 1868-193252 artworks
Henry B. SnellAmerican, 1858-19434 artworks
Joaquin Sorolla y BastidaSpanish, 1863-1923574 artworks
George W. SotterAmerican, 1878-195314 artworks
Otto StarkAmerican, 1859-19268 artworks
Theodore Clement SteeleAmerican, 1847-192693 artworks
Jane SutherlandAustralian, 1853-192813 artworks
Edmund TarbellAmerican, 1862-1938132 artworks
Fritz ThaulowNorwegian, 1847-1906150 artworks
Laurits TuxenDanish, 1853-19274 artworks
John TwachtmanAmerican, 1853-1902283 artworks
Fritz von UhdeGerman, 1848-191173 artworks
Lesser UryGerman, 1861-1931148 artworks
Robert VonnohAmerican, 1858-193359 artworks
Clark Greenwood VoorheesAmerican, 1871-193313 artworks
Elmer WachtelAmerican, 1864-192919 artworks
Marion Kavanaugh (Wachtel)American, 1875-195410 artworks
Julian Alden WeirAmerican, 1852-1919147 artworks
Albert WeisgerberGerman, 1878-19153 artworks
James Abbott McNeill WhistlerAmerican, 1834-1903307 artworks
Federico ZandomeneghiItalian, 1841-1917101 artworks
Random artworks by artists related to this movement

Mother and Mary
Edmund Tarbell

Shinnecock Hills
William Merritt Chase

The Embroiderer
Pierre Auguste Renoir

Asbury Park - 1906
Julian Onderdonk

The Luncheon
Claude Oscar Monet

Houses on the Achterzaan
Claude Oscar Monet

New York Harbor
John Twachtman

A Street in Dordrecht
Eugène-Louis Boudin

A Glimpse of the Neponset
John Joseph Enneking

After the Storm, Altadena
Alson Skinner Clark

Spring landscape
Johan Krouthén

Clamming, Normandy Beach
Alson Skinner Clark

Summer Resort
Fritz von Uhde
Top 10 museums with Impressionist art
Metropolitan Museum of Art - New York, NYUnited States (New York)327 artworks
Musée d'Orsay - ParisFrance (Paris)286 artworks
Museum of Fine Arts - BostonUnited States (Boston)229 artworks
National Gallery of Art - Washington DCUnited States (Washington)200 artworks
Art Institute of ChicagoUnited States (Chicago)161 artworks
Brooklyn Museum - New York, NYUnited States (New York)116 artworks
Museo Sorolla - MadridSpain (Madrid)94 artworks
Hunterian Museum and Art Gallery - GlasgowUnited Kingdom (Glasgow)91 artworks
Philadelphia Museum of ArtUnited States (Philadelphia, PA)90 artworks
Fogg Museum of Art - University of Harvard, Cambridge, MaUnited States (Cambridge, Greater Boston, Massachusetts)88 artworks
Important dates
Founding date:  1863
Why 1863?: Creation of the 'Salon des Refusés' to exhibit works refused by the official Salon. Manet presented there his 'Luncheon on the Grass' which provoked a scandal and created the style.

End date:  1920
Why 1920?: End of the Impressionist exhibitions in 1886. But the style expanded in other countries (USA and Scandinavia) and lasted until the World War.