(An artistic movement)

Dates: 1863-1920

This movement contains other movements: Skagen Painters, Old Lyme Colony

French artists who painted in 'plein-air', with bright and unmixed colours and slightly apparent brush strokes, in order to give a better rendering of light. The movement then extended to the other Western countries, notably the USA.

People associated with this movement
John Ottis AdamsAmerican, 1851-192756 artworks
Anna AncherDanish, 1859-193562 artworks
Michael Peter AncherDanish, 1849-192758 artworks
Lucy BaconAmerican, 1858-19321 artwork
Laureano BarrauSpanish, 1863-195726 artworks
Jean Frederic BazilleFrench, 1841-187049 artworks
Reynolds BealAmerican, 1867-195138 artworks
Frank W. BensonAmerican, 1862-1951138 artworks
Eugène-Louis BoudinFrench, 1824-18981090 artworks
Olga BoznańskaPolish, 1865-1940150 artworks
Matilda BrowneAmerican, 1869-19472 artworks
John Elwood BundyAmerican, 1853-193314 artworks
Dennis Miller BunkerAmerican, 1861-189057 artworks
Theodore Earl ButlerAmerican, 1861-193655 artworks
Gustave CaillebotteFrench, 1848-1894239 artworks
Ignacio Pinazo CamarlenchSpanish, 1849-1916176 artworks
Mary CassattAmerican, 1844-1926336 artworks
William ChadwickAmerican, 1879-196211 artworks
William Merritt ChaseAmerican, 1849-1916640 artworks
Alson Skinner ClarkAmerican, 1876-1949117 artworks
Colin Campbell CooperAmerican, 1856-193797 artworks
Lovis CorinthGerman, 1858-1925278 artworks
Paul CornoyerAmerican, 1864-192340 artworks
Edgar DegasFrench, 1834-1917644 artworks
Giuseppe de NittisItalian, 1846-188471 artworks
Frank Vincent DuMondAmerican, 1865-19513 artworks
John Joseph EnnekingAmerican, 1841-191657 artworks
Karoly FerenczyHungarian, 1862-19173 artworks
William Howe FooteAmerican, 1874-19654 artworks
Frederick Carl FriesekeAmerican, 1874-1939246 artworks
Daniel GarberAmerican, 1880-195853 artworks
Eva GonzalesFrench, 1849-188342 artworks
Edmund W. GreacenAmerican, 1876-194919 artworks
Richard B. GruelleAmerican, 1851-19142 artworks
Armand GuillauminFrench, 1841-1927439 artworks
Frederick Childe HassamAmerican, 1859-1935659 artworks
Ludwig von HofmannGerman, 1861-19455 artworks
Blanche Hoschedé-MonetFrench, 1865-194721 artworks
Wilson IrvineAmerican, 1869-193625 artworks
Charles Salis KaelinAmerican, 1858-192921 artworks
Joseph KleitschAmerican, 1882-1931162 artworks
Alexander KoesterGerman, 1864-193231 artworks
Christian KrohgDanish, 1852-192514 artworks
Johan KrouthénSwedish, 1858-1932472 artworks
Marie Triepcke KroyerDanish, 1867-19401 artwork
Peder Severin KroyerNorwegian, 1851-190986 artworks
William Langson LathropAmerican, 1859-193849 artworks
Albert LebourgFrench, 1849-1928214 artworks
Stanislas LépineFrench, 1835-189295 artworks
Richard Haley LeverAustralian, 1876-1958107 artworks
Max LiebermannGerman, 1847-1935208 artworks
Elmer Livingston MacRaeAmerican, 1875-195311 artworks
Édouard ManetFrench, 1832-1883246 artworks
Willard Leroy MetcalfAmerican, 1858-1925196 artworks
Claude Oscar MonetFrench, 1840-19261238 artworks
Adolphe-Joseph-Thomas MonticelliFrench, 1824-1886109 artworks
Berthe MorisotFrench, 1841-1895292 artworks
George NoyesAmerican, 1864-19546 artworks
Frank NuderscherAmerican, 1880-19591 artwork
Leonard OchtmanAmerican, 1854-19356 artworks
Mina Fonda OchtmanAmerican, 1862-19241 artwork
Julian OnderdonkAmerican, 1882-1922185 artworks
Ernst OpplerGerman, 1867-19292 artworks
Walter Frederick OsborneIrish, 1859-190332 artworks
William MacGregor PaxtonAmerican, 1869-1941107 artworks
Lilla Cabot PerryAmerican, 1848-193383 artworks
Eilif PeterssenNorwegian, 1852-19285 artworks
Theodor PhilipsenDanish, 1840-19202 artworks
Camille PissarroFrench, 1830-19031037 artworks
Edward PotthastAmerican, 1857-1927285 artworks
Leo PutzGerman, 1869-194084 artworks
Henry Ward RangerAmerican, 1858-191614 artworks
Edward Willis RedfieldAmerican, 1869-196589 artworks
Robert Lewis ReidAmerican, 1862-192967 artworks
Pierre Auguste RenoirFrench, 1841-19191573 artworks
Theodore RobinsonAmerican, 1852-1896187 artworks
Guy Orlando RoseAmerican, 1867-1925134 artworks
John Singer SargentAmerican, 1856-19251491 artworks
Paul SawyierAmerican, 1865-191715 artworks
Valentin SerovRussian, 1865-1911123 artworks
Edward E. SimmonsAmerican, 1852-193115 artworks
Alfred SisleyFrench, 1839-1899577 artworks
Max SlevogtGerman, 1868-193248 artworks
Henry B. SnellAmerican, 1858-19431 artwork
Joaquin Sorolla y BastidaSpanish, 1863-1923573 artworks
George W. SotterAmerican, 1878-19538 artworks
Otto StarkAmerican, 1859-19268 artworks
Theodore Clement SteeleAmerican, 1847-192690 artworks
Jane SutherlandAustralian, 1853-192813 artworks
Edmund TarbellAmerican, 1862-1938118 artworks
Fritz ThaulowNorwegian, 1847-1906145 artworks
Laurits TuxenDanish, 1853-19272 artworks
John TwachtmanAmerican, 1853-1902280 artworks
Fritz von UhdeGerman, 1848-19115 artworks
Lesser UryGerman, 1861-1931135 artworks
Robert VonnohAmerican, 1858-193353 artworks
Clark Greenwood VoorheesAmerican, 1871-19338 artworks
Elmer WachtelAmerican, 1864-192919 artworks
Marion Kavanaugh (Wachtel)American, 1875-19548 artworks
Julian Alden WeirAmerican, 1852-1919139 artworks
Albert WeisgerberGerman, 1878-19151 artwork
James Abbott McNeill WhistlerAmerican, 1834-1903238 artworks
Federico ZandomeneghiItalian, 1841-1917101 artworks
Random artworks by artists related to this movement

Laborer in a Landscape
Armand Guillaumin

Late Afternoon, New York: Winter
Frederick Childe Hassam

The Village in Late Spring
Willard Leroy Metcalf

Claude Renoir
Pierre Auguste Renoir

Girl Writing
Berthe Morisot

Young Woman Reading
Pierre Auguste Renoir

Daniel Garber

Teacher Going Home
Robert Vonnoh

Paris Street Scene
Frederick Childe Hassam

Robert Lewis Reid

Rural Scene
Pierre Auguste Renoir

Shinnecock Hills
William Merritt Chase

A New Year's Nocturne, New York
Frederick Childe Hassam

Arrival Night in New York
Joaquin Sorolla y Bastida

Eugène-Louis Boudin

The Old Church at Cagnes
Guy Orlando Rose
Important dates
Founding date:  1863
Why 1863?: Creation of the 'Salon des Refusés' to exhibit works refused by the official Salon. Manet presented there his 'Luncheon on the Grass' which provoked a scandal and created the style.

End date:  1920
Why 1920?: End of the Impressionist exhibitions in 1886. But the style expanded in other countries (USA and Scandinavia) and lasted until the World War.