(An artistic movement)

Dates: 1863-1920

This movement contains other movements: Skagen Painters, Old Lyme Colony

French artists who painted in 'plein-air', with bright and unmixed colours and slightly apparent brush strokes, in order to give a better rendering of light. The movement then extended to the other Western countries, notably the USA.

People associated with this movement
John Ottis AdamsAmerican, 1851-192756 artworks
Anna AncherDanish, 1859-193569 artworks
Michael Peter AncherDanish, 1849-192758 artworks
Harriet BackerNorwegian, 1845-193228 artworks
Lucy BaconAmerican, 1858-19322 artworks
Laureano BarrauSpanish, 1863-195731 artworks
Jean Frederic BazilleFrench, 1841-187052 artworks
Reynolds BealAmerican, 1867-195139 artworks
Frank W. BensonAmerican, 1862-1951144 artworks
Eugène-Louis BoudinFrench, 1824-18981164 artworks
Olga BoznańskaPolish, 1865-1940157 artworks
George Hendrik BreitnerDutch, 1857-1923106 artworks
Matilda BrowneAmerican, 1869-19474 artworks
John Elwood BundyAmerican, 1853-193321 artworks
Dennis Miller BunkerAmerican, 1861-189057 artworks
Theodore Earl ButlerAmerican, 1861-193678 artworks
Alejandro CabezaSpanish, 1971- ?105 artworks
Gustave CaillebotteFrench, 1848-1894254 artworks
Ignacio Pinazo CamarlenchSpanish, 1849-1916177 artworks
Mary CassattAmerican, 1844-1926347 artworks
William ChadwickAmerican, 1879-196217 artworks
William Merritt ChaseAmerican, 1849-1916650 artworks
Alson Skinner ClarkAmerican, 1876-1949124 artworks
Colin Campbell CooperAmerican, 1856-1937102 artworks
Lovis CorinthGerman, 1858-1925295 artworks
Paul CornoyerAmerican, 1864-192344 artworks
Edgar DegasFrench, 1834-1917685 artworks
Giuseppe de NittisItalian, 1846-188473 artworks
Frank Vincent DuMondAmerican, 1865-195111 artworks
John Joseph EnnekingAmerican, 1841-191674 artworks
Karoly FerenczyHungarian, 1862-19177 artworks
William Howe FooteAmerican, 1874-19655 artworks
Jean-Louis ForainFrench, 1852-1931115 artworks
Frederick Carl FriesekeAmerican, 1874-1939317 artworks
Daniel GarberAmerican, 1880-195872 artworks
Eva GonzalesFrench, 1849-188346 artworks
Edmund W. GreacenAmerican, 1876-194931 artworks
Richard B. GruelleAmerican, 1851-19142 artworks
Armand GuillauminFrench, 1841-1927487 artworks
Childe HassamAmerican, 1859-1935697 artworks
Ludwig von HofmannGerman, 1861-19457 artworks
Blanche Hoschedé-MonetFrench, 1865-194740 artworks
Wilson IrvineAmerican, 1869-193636 artworks
Johan Barthold JongkindDutch, 1819-1892130 artworks
Charles Salis KaelinAmerican, 1858-192922 artworks
Joseph KleitschAmerican, 1882-1931165 artworks
Alexander KoesterGerman, 1864-193231 artworks
Christian KrohgDanish, 1852-192518 artworks
Johan KrouthénSwedish, 1858-1932472 artworks
Marie Triepcke KroyerDanish, 1867-19401 artwork
Peder Severin KroyerNorwegian, 1851-190988 artworks
William Langson LathropAmerican, 1859-193855 artworks
Albert LebourgFrench, 1849-1928226 artworks
Stanislas LépineFrench, 1835-189299 artworks
Richard Haley LeverAustralian, 1876-1958121 artworks
Max LiebermannGerman, 1847-1935246 artworks
Elmer Livingston MacRaeAmerican, 1875-195315 artworks
Édouard ManetFrench, 1832-1883263 artworks
Willard Leroy MetcalfAmerican, 1858-1925205 artworks
Claude Oscar MonetFrench, 1840-19261274 artworks
Adolphe-Joseph-Thomas MonticelliFrench, 1824-1886129 artworks
Berthe MorisotFrench, 1841-1895301 artworks
George NoyesAmerican, 1864-195414 artworks
Frank NuderscherAmerican, 1880-19593 artworks
Leonard OchtmanAmerican, 1854-193524 artworks
Mina Fonda OchtmanAmerican, 1862-19241 artwork
Julian OnderdonkAmerican, 1882-1922189 artworks
Ernst OpplerGerman, 1867-19292 artworks
Walter Frederick OsborneIrish, 1859-190336 artworks
William MacGregor PaxtonAmerican, 1869-1941111 artworks
Lilla Cabot PerryAmerican, 1848-193388 artworks
Eilif PeterssenNorwegian, 1852-19286 artworks
Theodor PhilipsenDanish, 1840-19202 artworks
Camille PissarroFrench, 1830-19031097 artworks
Edward PotthastAmerican, 1857-1927299 artworks
Leo PutzGerman, 1869-194089 artworks
Henry Ward RangerAmerican, 1858-191625 artworks
Edward Willis RedfieldAmerican, 1869-1965104 artworks
Robert Lewis ReidAmerican, 1862-192983 artworks
Pierre Auguste RenoirFrench, 1841-19191693 artworks
Theodore RobinsonAmerican, 1852-1896202 artworks
Guy Orlando RoseAmerican, 1867-1925144 artworks
John Singer SargentAmerican, 1856-19251505 artworks
Paul SawyierAmerican, 1865-191715 artworks
Valentin SerovRussian, 1865-1911129 artworks
Edward E. SimmonsAmerican, 1852-193118 artworks
Alfred SisleyFrench, 1839-1899649 artworks
Max SlevogtGerman, 1868-193253 artworks
Henry B. SnellAmerican, 1858-194317 artworks
Joaquin Sorolla y BastidaSpanish, 1863-1923575 artworks
George W. SotterAmerican, 1878-195317 artworks
Otto StarkAmerican, 1859-192612 artworks
Theodore Clement SteeleAmerican, 1847-192693 artworks
Jane SutherlandAustralian, 1853-192813 artworks
Edmund TarbellAmerican, 1862-1938133 artworks
Fritz ThaulowNorwegian, 1847-1906152 artworks
James TissotFrench, 1836-1902146 artworks
Henri de Toulouse-LautrecFrench, 1864-1901311 artworks
Laurits TuxenDanish, 1853-19274 artworks
John TwachtmanAmerican, 1853-1902287 artworks
Fritz von UhdeGerman, 1848-191173 artworks
Lesser UryGerman, 1861-1931148 artworks
Robert VonnohAmerican, 1858-193363 artworks
Clark Greenwood VoorheesAmerican, 1871-193313 artworks
Elmer WachtelAmerican, 1864-192919 artworks
Marion Kavanaugh (Wachtel)American, 1875-195411 artworks
Julian Alden WeirAmerican, 1852-1919149 artworks
Albert WeisgerberGerman, 1878-19153 artworks
James Abbott McNeill WhistlerAmerican, 1834-1903314 artworks
Federico ZandomeneghiItalian, 1841-1917109 artworks
Random artworks by artists related to this movement

High Bridge
Childe Hassam

On the Sands
John Singer Sargent

Nude Reclining on the Grass
Pierre Auguste Renoir

The Rehearsal
Edgar Degas

Making Friends
Edward Potthast

The Chinese Parasol
William MacGregor Paxton

Poppy Field near Vetheuil
Claude Oscar Monet

A Study of Salmon in Norway
John Singer Sargent

Cows on a Cliff at Villerville
Eugène-Louis Boudin

Étretat, the Cliff of Aval
Eugène-Louis Boudin

Landscape at Argenteuil
Gustave Caillebotte

Beach Scene
Eugène-Louis Boudin
Important dates
Founding date:  1863
Why 1863?: Creation of the 'Salon des Refusés' to exhibit works refused by the official Salon. Manet presented there his 'Luncheon on the Grass' which provoked a scandal and created the style.

End date:  1920
Why 1920?: End of the Impressionist exhibitions in 1886. But the style expanded in other countries (USA and Scandinavia) and lasted until the World War.