Impressionism
(An artistic movement)

Dates: 1863-1890

This movement contains other movements: Skagen Painters, Old Lyme Colony

French artists who painted in 'plein-air', with bright and unmixed colours and slightly apparent brush strokes, in order to give a better rendering of light. They suffered many restrictions from the Fine Arts Academy for these innovations.
People associated with this movement
John Ottis AdamsAmerican, 1851-192735 artworks
Anna AncherSwedish, 1859-193556 artworks
Michael-Peter AncherDanish, 1849-19277 artworks
Lucy BaconAmerican, 1858-19321 artwork
Laureano BarrauSpanish, 1863-195726 artworks
Jean Frederic BazilleFrench, 1841-187047 artworks
Reynolds BealAmerican, 1867-195129 artworks
Frank W. BensonAmerican, 1862-1951123 artworks
Eugène-Louis BoudinFrench, 1824-18981043 artworks
Olga BoznańskaPolish, 1865-1940147 artworks
Matilda BrowneAmerican, 1869-19472 artworks
John Elwood BundyAmerican, 1853-19335 artworks
Dennis Miller BunkerAmerican, 1861-189025 artworks
Theodore Earl ButlerAmerican, 1861-193645 artworks
Gustave CaillebotteFrench, 1848-1894236 artworks
Ignacio Pinazo CamarlenchSpanish, 1849-1916176 artworks
Mary CassattAmerican, 1844-1926316 artworks
William Merritt ChaseAmerican, 1849-1916617 artworks
Alson Skinner ClarkAmerican, 1876-1949117 artworks
Colin Campbell CooperAmerican, 1856-193794 artworks
Paul CornoyerAmerican, 1864-192332 artworks
Edgar DegasFrench, 1834-1917623 artworks
Giuseppe de NittisItalian, 1846-188467 artworks
Frank Vincent DuMondAmerican, 1865-19513 artworks
John Joseph EnnekingAmerican, 1841-191649 artworks
Karoly FerenczyHungarian, 1862-19172 artworks
Frederick C. FriesekeAmerican, 1874-1939192 artworks
Daniel GarberAmerican, 1880-195843 artworks
Edmund W. GreacenAmerican, 1876-194915 artworks
Richard B. GruelleAmerican, 1851-19142 artworks
Armand GuillauminFrench, 1841-1927426 artworks
Frederick Childe HassamAmerican, 1859-1935617 artworks
Blanche Hoschedé-MonetFrench, 1865-194720 artworks
Charles Salis KaelinAmerican, 1858-19295 artworks
Joseph KleitschAmerican, 1882-1931162 artworks
Alexander KoesterGerman, 1864-193229 artworks
Christian KrohgDanish, 1852-192513 artworks
Johan KrouthénSwedish, 1858-1932472 artworks
Marie Triepcke KroyerDanish, 1867-19401 artwork
Peder Severin KroyerNorwegian, 1851-190983 artworks
William Langson LathropAmerican, 1859-193845 artworks
Stanislas LépineFrench, 1835-189287 artworks
Richard Haley LeverAustralian, 1876-195848 artworks
Max LiebermannGerman, 1847-1935202 artworks
Edouard ManetFrench, 1832-1883238 artworks
Willard Leroy MetcalfAmerican, 1858-1925182 artworks
Claude Oscar MonetFrench, 1840-19261223 artworks
Adolphe-Joseph-Thomas MonticelliFrench, 1824-188639 artworks
Berthe MorisotFrench, 1841-1895292 artworks
George NoyesAmerican, 1864-19545 artworks
Frank NuderscherAmerican, 1880-19591 artwork
Leonard OchtmanAmerican, 1854-19356 artworks
Mina Fonda OchtmanAmerican, 1862-19241 artwork
Julian OnderdonkAmerican, 1882-1922178 artworks
Walter Frederick OsborneIrish, 1859-190332 artworks
William MacGregor PaxtonAmerican, 1869-194186 artworks
Lilla Cabot PerryAmerican, 1848-193379 artworks
Eilif PeterssenNorwegian, 1852-19285 artworks
Theodor PhilipsenDanish, 1840-19202 artworks
Camille PissarroFrench, 1830-19031012 artworks
Edward PotthastAmerican, 1857-1927273 artworks
Leo PutzGerman, 1869-194080 artworks
Henry Ward RangerAmerican, 1858-191610 artworks
Edward Willis RedfieldAmerican, 1869-196579 artworks
Robert Lewis ReidAmerican, 1862-192962 artworks
Pierre Auguste RenoirFrench, 1841-19191542 artworks
Theodore RobinsonAmerican, 1852-1896176 artworks
Guy Orlando RoseAmerican, 1867-1925133 artworks
Paul SawyierAmerican, 1865-191712 artworks
Valentin SerovRussian, 1865-1911115 artworks
Edward E. SimmonsAmerican, 1852-193113 artworks
Alfred SisleyFrench, 1839-1899545 artworks
Joaquin Sorolla y BastidaSpanish, 1863-1923573 artworks
George W. SotterAmerican, 1878-19537 artworks
Otto StarkAmerican, 1859-19268 artworks
Theodore Clement SteeleAmerican, 1847-192690 artworks
Jane SutherlandAustralian, 1853-192813 artworks
Edmund TarbellAmerican, 1862-193899 artworks
Fritz ThaulowNorwegian, 1847-190665 artworks
Laurits TuxenDanish, 1853-19272 artworks
John TwachtmanAmerican, 1853-1902266 artworks
Lesser UryGerman, 1861-1931127 artworks
Robert VonnohAmerican, 1858-193350 artworks
Elmer WachtelAmerican, 1864-192917 artworks
Marion Kavanaugh (Wachtel)American, 1875-19548 artworks
Julian Alden WeirAmerican, 1852-1919122 artworks
James Abbott McNeill WhistlerAmerican, 1834-1903220 artworks
Federico ZandomeneghiItalian, 1841-191796 artworks
Random artworks by artists related to this movement

Ducks in a Pond
Alexander Koester

Gladiolas in a Blue Vase
Pierre Auguste Renoir

A Mandolin Player
William Merritt Chase

Madame Severine
Pierre Auguste Renoir

Woman with Bag
Pierre Auguste Renoir

Portrait of a Lady
Mary Cassatt

Summer Afternoon
John Twachtman

The Pont Marie
Stanislas Lépine

Girl Sewing
Theodore Robinson

Self-Portrait
Lesser Ury

Trayas
Armand Guillaumin

On the Terrace
John Twachtman

Seated Woman
Pierre Auguste Renoir
Important dates
Founding date:  1863
Why 1863?: Creation of the 'Salon des Refusés' to exhibit works refused by the official Salon. Manet presented there his 'Luncheon on the Grass' which provoked a scandal and created the style.

End date:  1890
Why 1890?: End of the Impressionist exhibitions in 1886. But the style expanded in other countries (USA and Scandinavia) and lasted until the World War.